S5E01: Mary Kaldor on NATO, Human Secu­ri­ty, the Chang­ing Face of Glob­al War and the Effec­tive­ness of Sanc­tions and Debt Cancellation

A new world order is in place where accord­ing to Kaldor, per­pet­u­al vio­lence has become the norm. How come these so-called new wars, or “for­ev­er wars” as Kaldor refers to them, are not tied to con­test over nation­al ter­ri­to­ry? Fur­ther­more, does NATO still adhere to Cold War pat­terns of think­ing and is there a will­ing­ness in the orga­ni­za­tion to change the focus towards mat­ters relat­ing to human secu­ri­ty? Is Putin’s war of aggres­sion in Ukraine not a throw­back to the old wars fought for con­trol over ter­ri­to­ry against neigh­bor­ing states? And where can we locate the sights and actors of suc­cess­ful resis­tance, and should these be civil­ian rather than mil­i­tary? Can the mil­i­tary even be part of the solu­tion, or is the inher­ent log­ic of the mil­i­tary indus­tri­al com­plex part of the prob­lem in the first place? Giv­en the cur­rent geopo­lit­i­cal ten­sions can demo­c­ra­t­ic sta­tus quo be pre­served by rely­ing on a self-lim­it­ing and lim­it­ed capac­i­ty for defen­sive deter­rence mixed with polic­ing functions?

Guests fea­tured in this episode:

Mary Kaldor, Pro­fes­sor Emer­i­tus of Glob­al Gov­er­nance and Direc­tor of the Con­flict Research Pro­gramme at the Lon­don School of Eco­nom­ics and Polit­i­cal Sci­ence. She has had a long and illus­tri­ous aca­d­e­m­ic career but has also been an activist since the 1980s. She was a founder of the Euro­pean Nuclear Dis­ar­ma­ment Move­ment, was co-chair of Helsin­ki Cit­i­zens Assem­bly and Peo­ples Europe, and was a mem­ber of the Gold­stone Com­mis­sion inves­ti­gat­ing the Koso­vo crisis. 

She has co-edit­ed sev­er­al influ­en­tial vol­umes, on Dealign­ment and The New Détente, both with Richard Falk; on Restruc­tur­ing the Glob­al Mil­i­tary Sec­tor; on Democ­ra­ti­za­tion in Cen­tral and East­ern Europe; and most recent­ly, on EU Glob­al Strat­e­gy and Human Secu­ri­ty (2018). She is author of the agen­da-set­ting book Glob­al Civ­il Soci­ety: An Answer to War, Human Secu­ri­ty: Reflec­tions on Glob­al­iza­tion and Inter­ven­tion, and high­ly acclaimed New and Old Wars: Orga­nized Vio­lence in a Glob­al Era.


Shalini Randeria

Shalini Randeria is Rector and President of the Central European University (Vienna/Budapest). Before, she was Professor of Social Anthropology and Sociology at the Graduate Institute Geneva, and Rector of the Institute of Human Sciences (IWM) in Vienna from 2014 to 2021. She has published widely on the anthropology of globalisation, law, the state and social movements. Her empirical research on India also addresses issues of post-coloniality and multiple modernities.